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PERU AT A GLANCE

Peru Cities & Destinations

Cusco Peru
CUSCO
Cusco Info

Cusco is the most visited department in Peru. It is home to the city of Cusco, the Sacred Valley of the Incas, and the citadel of Machu Picchu, one of the Seven Wonders of the World. The city of Cusco was the capital of the Incan Empire and was placed on the UNESCO World Heritage Site by the United Nations in 1983. Incan monuments are littered throughout the city and without a doubt some of the most impressive in Peru. Additionally, after conquest by the Spanish, they attempted to bring their architectural and cultural influence to the city and rid of the Incan presence. Their goal was only partially successful as their architecture and culture did remain however with the occurrence of earthquakes and other natural event over the centuries, the more well-built Incan buildings remained in accompaniment of the Spanish architecture. This is what has given Cusco its unique blend of culture. Being the most touristically developed area in Peru, tourism is by far the largest industry and infrastructure is extremely well developed. The city has thousands of hotel rooms ranging in quality from hostels to five-star hotels. Gastronomy is representative of all of Peru as well as local cuisine. International cuisine is also largely present in the city's many restaurants. The city has a wide variety of languages due to the large tourist presence with many common languages spoken other than Spanish being English, German, and French. In addition to these languages, Quechua is spoken by many residents of the city along with Spanish. The city is a hub for Peruvian tourism and most agencies have offices in this city. Major attractions in and around the city include the historic downtown with colonial architecture and the main plaza, Sacsayhuamán, the palace of Inca Roca, neighborhood of San Blas, and the archeological sites of Qenko, Pukapukara, and Tambomachay. The Sacred Valley has a multitude of picturesque towns such as Písac, Maras, and Chinchero. Additionally, a variety of archeological sites such as Ollantaytambo are located in the valley. Arguably the most popular tourist attraction in Peru is located a few hours from Cusco by train, the citadel of Machu Picchu. These ruins are beyond description and are the most beautiful and important legacy of the Incan people. The site is one of the Seven Wonders of the World and a UNESCO World Heritage Site. Machu Picchu can be accessed by the PeruRail train or a hike on the Inca Trail.

Cusco Tourist Information

The terrain in Cusco is steep, combining fertile inter-Andean valleys with impressive mountains that descend to the rim of the jungle where the temperature rises and the landscape is transformed through a variety of vegetation.
The city of Cusco, the ancient capital of the Incan Empire, was placed on the World Cultural Heritage List by UNESCO in 1983, and is without a doubt one of the most important destinations in Peru. There are Incan buildings waiting for you to discover them among its cobble-stoned streets, ones like the Koricancha and the palace of Inca Roca as well as Andean Baroque structures from the Colonial Period like the Cathedral and the Church of the Company of Christ. In addition, you can visit the picturesque neighborhood of San Blas where the best artisans in the department have set up their workshops. This magical city also has an exciting nightlife with cafes, restaurants, and bars for all tastes. Just ten minutes away from the city, there are the massive walls of the Sacsayhuamán fortress, and a few kilometers from there, you find the archeological sites of Qenko, Pukapukara, and Tambomachay, Incan buildings constructed completely with stone.
There are also the towns of Písac, Maras, Chinchero, and Ollantaytambo, which are spread throughout the Sacred Valley of the Incas, one hour from Cusco. From there, it is possible to catch the train to Machu Picchu. Another way of getting to the citadel is by following one of the Inca Trails, a spectacular network of pathways that snake their way among the snow covered mountains, rivers, and overwhelming countryside. This is one of the best trekking routes in the world, since scattered throughout it, you find remarkable archeological sites and areas rich in unique plant and animal species.

The enigmatic complex of Machu Picchu, the most important and beautiful legacy of the ancient Peruvian, is part of the Historic Sanctuary of the same name, which is also one of the few places in the Americas placed on both the World Cultural and Natural Heritage Lists by UNESCO. It is located high on top of a mountain and complements the exuberant nature that surrounds it, creating a one of a kind place in the world.

Map of Cusco
 
Cusco Map
Cusco Photo Gallery
 
Cusco gallery pictures
Cusco Accomodations
 

Cusco - Peru Hotels directory

Hotel directory with a comprehensive listing of the most important bed and breakfast, homestay, hostel, hotel, lodges, haciendas, estancias, and other establishments where you can stary during your visit.


Luxury class hotels | First class hotels | Tourist superior hotels | Tourist class hotels | Economy and Budget hotels | Hostals | Bed and Breakfast

Sacred Valley - Peru Hotels directory

Hotel directory with a comprehensive listing of the most important bed and breakfast, homestay, hostel, hotel, lodges, haciendas, estancias, and other establishments where you can stary during your visit.
Hotels | Hostals - Bed and Breakfast

Machu Picchu - Peru hotels directory

Hotel directory with a comprehensive listing of the most important bed and breakfast, homestay, hostel, hotel, lodges, haciendas, estancias, and other establishments where you can stary during your visit.
Hotels | Hostals

 

Cusco Useful information
 
 
altitude
altitude
Capital: Cusco (3399 masl / 11.156 fasl)
Altitude: Lowest point: 532 masl / 1745 fasl (Pilcopata)
Highest point: 4801 masl / 15.751 fasl (Suyckutambo)
 
 
Weather
weather
The city has a semi-dry and cold climate. The annual average maximum temperature is 19.6ºC (67.3ºF) and the minimum is 4.2ºC (39.6ºF). The rainy season starts in November and ends in March, and it is the time when the mountains are covered in green. Between June and July is the time of the intense cold (heladas) even with occasional snowfalls
 
 
Access routes
Access routes

By land: Lima – Arequipa – Cusco: 1650 km / 1025 miles (26 hours by car)
Lima – Nasca – Puquio – Abancay – Cusco: 1131 km / 703 miles (20 hours by car)
Puno – Cusco: 389 km / 242 miles (7 hours by car)
By air: Daily flights to Cusco from Lima (1 hour) and Arequipa (30 minutes)
By train: Regular service from Puno: 384 km / 239 miles (10 hours)

 
 
Distances from the city of Cusco :
Distances
Acomayo (Province of Acomayo) 104,5 km (65 miles) / 3 hours
Anta (Province of Anta) 26 km (16 miles) / 30 minutes
Calca (Province of Calca) 50 km (31 miles) / 1 hour and 15 minutes
Yanaoca (Province of Canas) 165 km (103 miles) / 3 hours
Sicuani (Province of Canchis) 138 km (86 miles) / 2 hours
Santo Tomás (Province of Chumbivilcas) 240 km (149 miles) / 10 hours
Yauri (Province of Espinar) 241 km (150 miles) / 7 hours
Quillabamba (Province of La Convención) 210 km (130 miles) / 6 hours
Paruro (Province of Paruro) 64 km (40 miles) / 2 hours
Paucartambo (Province of Paucartambo) 109 km (68 miles) / 3 hours
Urcos (Province of Quispicanchi) 46 km (29 miles) / 40 minutes
Urubamba (Province of Urubamba) 78 km (48 miles) / 1 hour and 25 minutes
 
 
Airport
airport
Alejandro Velasco Astete International Airport
Avenida Velasco Astete, Cusco. Telephone: (084) 22-2611
 
 
Overland Transport
Overland transport

Main bus Station: Avenida Vallejos Santoni, block 2, Santiago, Cusco. Telephone: (084) 22-4471
Urubamba bus stop via Pisaq: Calle Puputi, block 2, Cusco
Urubamba bus stop via Chinchero: Avenida Grau, block 1, Cusco

 
 
Railroad
railroad
Wanchaq Station - Service to Puno: Avenida Pachacutec, Cusco. Telephone: (084) 23-8722 / 22-1992. Email: tourism@peru.com
San Pedro Station - Service to Machu Picchu: Calle Ccascaparo, Cusco
 
 
Health Centers
health centers

Regional Hospital: Avenida De la Cultura, Cusco. Telephone: (084) 22-3691
Hospital Antonio: Lorena. Plazoleta Belén 1358, Cusco. Telephone: (084) 22-6511

 
 
Local Police Station
police station

Tourism Police: Calle Shapy 510, Cusco. Telephone: (084) 24-9654

 
 
Craft market
craft market
Craft Market: Corner of Avenida Tullumayo and Avenida Pachacuteq, Cusco
San Blas Art Market: San Blas neighborhood. Opening hours: Sat. 9:00 A.M. – 6:00 P.M.
Pisaq People’s Market: District of Pisaq. Opening hours: Sun., Tues., and Thurs. 8:00 A.M. – 6:00 P.M.
Chincheros Market: District of Chincheros. Opening hours: Sun., Tues., and Thurs. 8:00 A.M. – 6:00 P.M
 
 
Postal Service
postal services

Av. El Sol 800, Cusco. Telephone: (084) 22-4212 / 24-8352. Attention: Mon. – Sat. 7:30 A.M. – 7:30 P.M. and Sun. 7:30 A.M. – 2:00 P.M

 
 
Tourist Information
tourist information

Regional Government of Cusco www.regioncusco.gob.pe IPerú, Tourist Information Email: tourism@peru.com or click here. Cusco: Velasco Astete International Airport – Main HallTelephone / fax: (084) 23-7364. Attention: Mon. – Sun. 6:00 A.M. – 4:00 P.M. Email: iperucuscoapto@promperu.gob.pe
Cusco Main Square: Avenida Sol 103, Office 102 (Galerías Turísticas). Telephone: (084) 23-4498. Telephone / fax: (084) 25-2974. Attention: Mon. – Sun. 8:30 A.M. – 7:30 P.M. Email

Cusco Transportation
 
Company name
Contact
Web Site/ Email
Catacora Claros Enrique Segundo
(084) 24-8989
Empresa de Trans. y Turismo Express Internacional Sur Oriente S.C.R.Ltda
(054) 42-6523
 
Empresa de Transporte Interprovincial Pitusiray
(084) 229872
Empresa de Transporte La Libertad
(084) 43-2955
Empresa de Transportes Cisnes Express
(084) 248588
Empresa de Transportes Flores Hnos
(084) 25-6208
Empresa de Transportes Kamisea
(084) 24-6071
Empresa de Transportes Reyna
(054) 43-0612
Empresa de Trasportes Paucartambo S.R.L
(084) 27-1622 / 27-1523
 
Expreso Cial
(084) 326255/ 501051
 
Ormeño Bus company
(084) 22-7501
Expreso Internacional Palomino
(084) 22-2694
Expreso Los Chankas S.R.L
084-242249
Expreso Wari
(084) 24-7217
Imexo Tours S.A
(084) 22-9126
Enlaces Bus - M & C Enlaces S.A
(084) 25-5333
Transportes Carhuamayo
(084) 23-7144
Transportes Cromotex
(84) 24-9573
Cruz del Sur
(01) 311-5030
Transportes El Pino S.A.C
(084) 24-4731
Transportes Huamanga S.A
084-262885
Transportes Virgen de Copacabana S.R.L
(084) 26-1142
Turismo Alas Doradas S.R.L
(084) 23-6421 / 69-0512
 
Turismo Civa S.A.C
(084) 22-9961
Cusco Cuisine
 
Typical dishes :

The usual places to try food from Cusco are the traditional restaurants called chicherias and picanterias where you can eat typical dishes like:

 

  • Kapchi: lima bean or mushroom soup with potatoes, milk, eggs, and cheese.
  • Chicharrón con mote: pork rinds fried in their own fat, served with hominy or individual kernels of sweet corn.
  • Humita: a sweet or salty tamale, served without sauce.
  • Tamal: a sweet or salty tamale, served without sauce.
  • Saralawa: soup of fresh corn, lima beans, dry aji Amarillo (yellow hot pepper), and huacatay (native herb).
  • Chuño cola: beef soup with rice, garbanzo beans, and dehydrated potatoes.
  • Adobo: pork marinated in chicha and spices and cooked in a clay pot.
  • Olluco con carne: Olluco stew with jerky or llama meat .
Tumbes cuisine
Sea food - Cebiche
 
Cusco Tourism Info
Headquater Lima
Guzman barron st. 3816
SMP-Condevilla
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